How To Construct Basic Guitar Chords

In the present post we’ll speak about how to build simple minor and main chords found on the guitar. Before we start we should understand some standard music theory, as this usually lay the foundations of understanding how to build chords anywhere found on the fretboard.

Every simple main or minor chord consists of 3 notes root, 3rd and fifth. The chord carries the name of its root note, but the root is not usually the lowest note, because each chord has chord inversions.

Since the guitar chords were speaking about comprise of just 3 notes, we have 2 chord inversions in total or 3 different methods to play each chord. Then, what makes the main and minor chords basically different is the 3rd. You have possibly heard the terms minor 3rd and main 3rd. Basically mentioned a minor 3rd (utilized for building minor chords) is an interval between your root as well as the 3rd that means to 3 semitones (or 3 frets found on the guitar), while the main 3rd (chosen for building minor chords) means to 4 semitones (or 4 frets). The fifth is the same for both kinds and it means to an interval of 7 semitones within the root.

So, if you need to build a chord, initially determine which note you wish take as root and where are you need to position it associated to the different 2 notes. Lets illustrate this with many examples that may hopefully enable you recognize the music theory discussed above.

We takes the note A as a root, build a minor chord and then all its inversions. First of all lets determine which notes we want in purchase to build the chord. Since were going to build a minor chord, we’ll require the minor 3rd as well as the fifth. The minor third from A is C (the distance between A and C is 3 frets) as well as the fifth is E (the distance between A and E is 7 frets). Great, today that we recognize the notes, we will build the actual chords.

Example 1 A Minor Chord & Inversions

A in root First Inversion Second Inversion A in root, octave up
E||————–|————–|————–|–0———||
B||————–|————–|–1———–|–1———||
G||————–|–2———–|–2———–|–2———||
D||–2———–|–2———–|–2———–|————||
A||–3———–|–3———–|————–|————||
E||–5———–|————–|————–|————||
A-C-E C-E-A E-A-C A-C-E

What if we like to build the main ones? Simply employ a main 3rd thats C sharp (C#)

Example 2 A Major Chord & Inversions

A in root First Inversion Second Inversion A in root, octave up
E||————–|————–|————–|–0———||
B||————–|————–|–2———–|–2———||
G||————–|–2———–|–2———–|–2———||
D||–2———–|–2———–|–2———–|————||
A||–4———–|–4———–|————–|————||
E||–5———–|————–|————–|————||
A-C#-E C#-E-A E-A-C# A-C#-E

Pretty obvious, isnt it? Utilizing this principle, you are able to build standard guitar chords virtually anywhere found on the fretboard. Just remember to practice these examples changing the root note as well as the inversion randomly, thus that you understand them effectively. For instance, rather of suggesting I like to play all B Minor Chords and playing all of the inversions 1 after another, state to yourself: I like to play the next inversion of B Minor, after that I wish To play D# Minor in root position etc. and you may see that you’ll immediately understand all guitar chords.

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