The main scale is a series of 7 notes spaced in intervals of entire and half methods. On the guitar a complete step is 2 frets. Obviously then your half step is simply 1 fret.
The main scale, that is what nearly all of the music we’ve ever heard is based on, utilizes the following intervals… (entire, complete, half, complete, complete, complete, half -or WWHWWWH from today on).
I’ll utilize the key of G main (or G Ionian) as the illustration because it just has 1 accidental (F#) and is a pretty common key on the Guitar. The notes are (G-A-BC-D-E-F#) The hashes represent a complete step between 2 of the notes. So the initially half step is from B to C as well as the next half step will be from F# back around to G; this 2nd G will be an octave high than the 1 that begins the scale . These are the notes found in the initial mode…IONIAN.
Now, each mode (of the scale) is simply the same 7 notes but you begin from among the six additional scale procedures and go from there. So the next mode, DORIAN, will be (A-BC-D-E-F#G-). And the intervals for Dorian are (WHWWWHW). The distinctive thing about Dorian is that it is actually a minor scale but has a happier sound than some of the additional minor methods. The chord that often follows the key chord in a track is the IV chord, and in Dorian mode the IV chord (D) is main.
PHRYGIAN will be (BC-D-E-F#G-A-) or in intervals…(HWWWHWW). Then the interesting thing about Phrygian is the fact that it has a flat 2nd, or perhaps a half step between scale methods 1 and 2. This offers it a very dark sound. Some individuals associate this mode with Spannish sounding traditional guitar. Others might think of it as a metal mode due to the truth it is in the minor family of scales (Dorian, Phrygian, Aeolian, and Locrian) and is regarded as just 2 methods that has a flat next (B to C).
LYDIAN is regarded as the 3 main methods but it has a sound that is frequently described as “melancholy”.
The cause for this really is the sharp 4th step (about Ionian). Here are the notes and intervals (C-D-E-F#G-A-B and WWWHWWH). This really is a mode that is rarely employed but has a distinct sound. Some samples of music that is within this mode are…Satriani’s “Flying In A Blue Dream”, Sublime’s “Jailhouse”, and The Grateful Dead’s “Fire On The Mountain”. The simplest method to tell if a track is within Lydian is by the 2 main chords that are a complete step aside (i.e. C maj / D maj)
MIXO-LYDIAN (D-E-F#G-A-BC and WWHWWHW) is a amazing “jamming” mode. It is the same as Ionian but with a flat 7th scale step. A superior illustration of the Mixo-Lydian track is Van Halen’s “Panama”. This really is the mode that matches up with main blues the greatest due to the flat 7th step or Dominant chord sound. You can’t fail should you try playing any mixture of the 3 main chords in this key (D, C, and G) but begin with all the D chord to receive the Mixo-Lydian sound.
AEOLIAN (E-F#G-A-BC-D and WHWWHWW) is the all-natural minor scale. This really is the mode that many minor key tunes are based on. Also, this might be the mode that matches up with all the Minor Pentatonic scale. Additionally, Aeolian is what exactly is well-known as the Relative Minor. Meaning that in the event you are in G Ionian (Major Key), you are able to nonetheless play the Emin Aeolian scale and keep the G main sound. Actually that you can do that with all these methods but since you are able to utilize Minor Pentatonic here it happens to be a favorite way for various guitarists whether they are newbies, intermediate, or advanced players.
Finally we have the LOCRIAN scale (F#G-A-BC-D-E and HWWHWWW). This 1 is challenging. Like Phyrgian it has a flat 2nd scale step but it also offers a flat 5th scale step. The mixture of the 2 is what makes this the many “dark” sounding mode. The just tunes I have ever come across that are based found on the Locrian scale have been created by some sort of metal or progressive rock band. The leading function of the chord that represents this mode (F#min7b5) is to create tension in the music that is solved to other chord, usully to G (Ionian), or Emin (Aeolian). But, when chosen properly this chord / mode functions similarly to the D7 (Mixo-Lydian) chord; again to create a tension and launch condition.